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Operating Room Furniture Equipment Supplies

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Operating Room Equipment: The Complete Guide

Types of Operating Room Equipment · Surgical Lights – High-quality surgical lighting is essential for performing intricate procedures in the

Operating Room Equipment: A Complete Guide



The history of operating room equipment is expansive, and varies depending on the piece of equipment. Some of the earliest operating rooms, also known as operating theaters, were used in the early 1800s. Surgeries were performed during daylight hours as there was no electricity. Additionally, candles were often used for extra lighting.1

In the United States, sterile technique was not used until the 1890s and surgeons only washed their hands after the surgical procedure.1

By the 1900s, asepsis, or the prevention of bacteria from entering a wound or sterile equipment, became practice. Operating equipment could be made sterile through boiling, using autoclaves, and chemical antiseptics. Physicians started to wear white coats, and beds and operating tables were made with clean linens.2


Operating rooms are designed for surgeons and surgical staff to perform surgical procedures that require time, patience, focus, and safety. Various pieces of equipment are required for use in the operating room.

Surgical Lights – High-quality surgical lighting is essential for performing intricate procedures in the operating room. Surgical lights are designed to provide bright white light to illuminate the surgical site and eliminate shadows, all while keeping the surgical staff cool. LED lights or halogen lights are two types of surgical lights. Surgical lighting is transitioning away from incandescent technology to LED technology due to the many benefits of LED: pure white color, less heat in the surgical field, more accurate color rendition, and improved shadow control.3

Operating Tables – Operating tables, also known as surgical tables, are essential to any operating room. A patient lies on the operating table during a surgical procedure. The purpose of the table is to keep the patient in place while the surgical team operates, and may aid in moving parts of the patient’s body using surgical table accessories. General operating tables are designed to perform a wide range of procedures while others are designed for specific procedures, for example orthopedic tables.

Surgical Booms– Surgical Booms, also known as equipment booms or equipment management systems (EMS), are designed to constrain the electrical cords from various pieces of equipment in the OR that can lead to tripping hazards for staff. By removing the clutter from various cords, surgical booms increase the amount of working space in the operating room. Booms also provide housing for various pieces of equipment and allow that equipment to be positioned to best meet the patient and surgical team needs. Booms are suspended from the ceiling and move easily throughout the operating room. Booms come in various designs. The design chosen by the facility may depend on the space requirements of the OR.

Surgical Displays – Minimally invasive surgery requires surgeons and surgical team members to visualize intricate patient anatomy on surgical displays. They also provide visualization of the procedure to all team members. Surgical displays, including wall displays and large format displays, mount to surgical light arms, equipment columns, or a wall and are used to display a close-up, crisp view of the surgical site. Newer surgical displays may offer high-definition or 4K visualization.

Operating Room Integration Systems – OR Integration is the connection of image and video in the operating room to improve workflow, procedure guidance and peer collaboration. By allowing OR equipment to communicate with each other via technology, OR integration allows OR staff to coordinate and collaborate real-time. Additionally, integration allows for remote control of multiple pieces of equipment and may decrease traffic near the surgical field. Further reduction in room traffic may be achieved as integration allows for remote viewing and communication by those that may otherwise enter the surgical site. This traffic reduction may decrease the risk of surgical site infections.

Blanket Warmers – Blanket warmers, also known as warming cabinets, are used to store and warm intravenous (IV) fluid, linens, and blankets. Keeping fluids and linens warm for patient use help to decrease the risk of hypothermia. Maintaining normal body temperature during surgery can be challenging. This technology not only provides comfort but serves to assist in the maintenance of normal body temperature. Normal body temperature has been linked to improved patient outcomes. Blanket warmers may have one, two or three chambers and may be mobile or stationary.

Scrub Sinks– Washing hands and forearms with a surgical scrub before performing a procedure is vital to preventing infection in the surgical environment. Scrub sinks are used by OR staff to “scrub in” before a surgery. Hand washing remains one of the most important ways to prevent the transfer of bacteria. Scrub sinks provide hands-free operation, thus reducing the risk of contamination during the hand washing process.

Nurse Documentation Stations – Nurse documentation stations are used by OR nurses. Documenting the pertinent medical information related to the surgical case is vital to keeping a patient’s medical record up to date and accurate, allowing care providers access to patient information. These stations can house electronic equipment, and provide a desk for reporting and charting purposes. Nurse documentation stations offer the convenience and organizational tools nurses need to effectively manage patient information.

Explore our Operating Room Equipment



Which medical equipment is chosen for an operating room depends on the facility and patient need. For example, high-complexity operating rooms may require a sophisticated, cutting edge OR integration system. Small Ambulatory Surgery Centers may have a smaller budget, which could impact their purchase decisions. Regardless of the facility or use, each piece of equipment serves its own vital purpose in the OR:

Surgical lights are used for the lighting of a surgical site

Operating tables are used for a patient to lay on during a surgical procedure, and may be adjusted for depending on the procedure
Surgical booms hide electrical cords attached to various pieces of equipment in the OR to reduce tripping hazards. They can house equipment rendering it mobile and able to be positioned in a variety of locations around the room
Surgical displays are used to display a detailed view of the surgical site for clear visualization
Operating room integration systems allow OR staff to coordinate and collaborate on medical decisions through video and imaging connections
Blanket warmers are used to store and warm intravenous (IV) fluid, linens, and blankets
Scrub sinks are used by OR staff to “scrub in” before a surgery, reducing the risk of infection
Nurse documentation stations are used to house electronic equipment, and provide a desk for reporting and charting purposes


Quality, durable medical equipment is vital to a safe and productive OR. Surgical and other facility staff should research available products from various medical equipment manufacturers and make their purchasing decisions based on equipment quality, after-purchase service support and price, among other factors. Because choosing the right operating room equipment is typically a long and well-thought out decision, purchasing equipment is typically through a Sales Representative or Distributor. Building partnerships with sales representatives and/or distributors can ensure a seamless experience from the initial decision throughout the lifecycle of the product.

Operating Room Supplies

Huanxin manufacture top quality operating room supplies and accessories and leads the way with innovative OR products. Shop online at Huanxin Medical.

Improve patient care with Huanxin Medical’s top-quality operating room supplies and surgical products. Huanxin Medical offers a great combination of value and unique OR solutions that you can’t find anywhere else.

From anti-shear protection with Huanxin Medical gel patient positioners or reducing cross-contamination risks with our single-use foam patient positioners, to our Trendelenburg Stabilizer™, Huanxin Medical provides quality operating room supplies and products. To protect patients from infection, and cross-contamination, choose seamless, fluid-proof Huanxin Medical
Patient Positioners, single-use straps, and an expanded selection of stitch-free easily disinfectable Huanxin Medical Patient Straps. Huanxin Medical, Huanxin Medical skin-friendly roll of hook-and-loop strapping that cuts to any length, is soft and gentle on patient skin and leaves no sticky bacteria-trapping residue. For fragile skin, choose Huanxin Medical Soft, an even gentler option.

To redistribute pressure, Huanxin Medical surgical table surfaces are engineered using T-Foam™, which molds to the patient’s body. T-Foam™, originally developed for NASA, provides superior pressure and temperature sensitivity, helping avoid tissue trauma and pressure ulcers. Grommet vents on the Huanxin Medical upholstered surgical table pads enhance pressure redistribution by allowing better air exchange so the foam can conform to the patient more effectively. A microporous film helps air pass through and keeps fluids out, reducing cross-contamination risks.

Huanxin Medical offers PDI disinfectants, Phillips Burton lighting, Seca scales, Health o Meter® scales, and Huanxin Medical scales. Customers can also find other brand-name products here such as Welch Huanxin Medical, Phillips Healthcare, and Huanxin Medical.

Operating Room Essential Equipment Checklist
Anesthesia Machine
Anesthesia Cart
Anesthesia Circuits
Anesthesia Monitor – CO2 and Agents
Laryngeal Mask Airways
Surgical Table
Patient Stretcher
Patient Stirrups

Are you setting up a new operating room? Use this checklist to guide your planning, purchasing, and implementation process.

Download the PDF of this checklist here: Operating Room Essential Equipment Checklist


Anesthesia Machine
Anesthesia Cart
Anesthesia Circuits
Anesthesia Monitor – CO2 and Agents
Laryngeal Mask Airways
Surgical Table
Patient Stretcher
Patient Stirrups
Positioning Pillows
Restraint Straps
Patient Positioners
Surgical Headlight
Surgical Lights – ceiling mounted
Surgical Microscope
AED / Defibrillator
Vital Signs Monitor
EKG Machine
Video Monitors and Cameras
Ultrasound Machines
Endoscopy Tower
Electrosurgical Unit
Smoke Evacuator
Sequential Compression Device
Surgical Tourniquet
Nerve Stimulator
Blood Warmer
Warming Air Units
Central Gas and Suction
Desk / Computer
Medical Cabinetry
Back Instrument Table
Exchange Cart
Hand Table
Mayo Stand(s)
Ring Stand
Prep Table
Utility Cart
Stools (Rolling, Step, etc.)
Linen Hamper
IV Accessories
Needle Counters
Kick Buckets
Biohazard Waste Cans
Sponge Counter Units / Bags

Operating Room Tables, Carts & More

Operating Room Tables, Case Carts, Blanket Warmers, IV Poles, Kick Buckets, Mayo Instrument Stands: High quality medical surgical room equipment to make

Operating Room Tables, Case Carts, Blanket Warmers, IV Poles, Kick Buckets, Mayo Instrument Stands: High quality medical surgical room equipment to make your operating room safe and more efficient. Choose from Operating Room Tables, Case Carts, Blanket Warmers, IV Poles, Kick Buckets, Mayo Instrument Stands for specialized needs.

If you don’t see the Operating Room Tables, Case Carts, Blanket Warmers, IV Poles, Kick Buckets, Mayo Instrument Stands that you are looking for you

What are the essential equipment in the operation room?

A complete guide to Operation theatre essential equipment
Operation theatres should ideally have equipment like defibrillators, oxygen concentrators, sterilizer machine, suction machine, anaesthesia machine, operation table, and light at their disposal to ensure that all surgical procedures are conducted safely in the hospital.

What are the equipments in operation Theatre?

Operating Room Essential Equipment Checklist
Operating Room Essential Equipment Checklist
Anesthesia Machine.
Anesthesia Cart.
Anesthesia Circuits.
Anesthesia Monitor – CO2 and Agents.
Laryngeal Mask Airways.
Surgical Table.
Patient Stretcher.
Patient Stirrups.

What is the bed in the operating room called?

The Ultimate Guide To Operating Tables | Knowledge Center
Sometimes known as a surgical table or operation table, operating tables are typically used within an operating room or surgical suite of a hospital, ambulatory surgery center, or other healthcare facilities where surgeries are performed.

What are the different types of operating tables?


What Are the Main Types of Surgical Tables?

The Importance of Choosing the Right Surgical Table.
General Surgery Tables.
Imaging Tables.
Neurology Tables.
Bariatric Surgical Tables.
Urology and Cystoscopy Tables.
Find the Right Surgical Table for the Procedure.

What is basic furniture and equipment in operating room

What is basic furniture and equipment in operating room


There are several types of operating tables in use and all are
rather complicated in construction and manipulation. They are designed so that they can be adjusted to the needs of the surgeon for any type of operation he may perform. The table is equipped with a hydraulic system. It is mounted on casters that are locked in place during surgery. The operating table shown in figure 1-7 is “dressed” or made up with sheets ready to receive a patient

The enlisted 0R specialist assigned to circulate for an operation is responsible for assisting with the positioning of the patient. Therefore, he must have a detailed knowledge of the table as well as the many positions of the patient for surgery.


a. Mayo Stand.This stand or table is small, and its height is adjustable. It is designed to overhang the operating table and hold instruments and other sterile items for immediate use and within easy reach of the scrub. The tray upon which the sterile goods are placed is detachable so that is may be sterilized for use during an operation.

b. Large Tables for Instruments. The largest table for instruments used in the OR is the angular or “L”- shapedtable. The table provides an area where additional sterile supplies for the case can be arranged and stored until needed. If the number of supplies to be used does not require the use of the angular table, a smaller rectangular table is used. Both the angular table and the smaller rectangular table are often referred to as “back” tables. The “back” table is placed within easy reach of the scrub and is draped with sterile drapes for use during an operation. There is also an undraped angular instrument table.


a. Ordinary lighting for the OR is adequately provided by fixtures recessed into
the ceilings. To provide additional light over the operative area, there is a special
overhead light fixture suspended from the ceiling. This fixture is
designed to provide shadow-free lighting on the operative area, to give off a minimum amount of heat, and to be easily cleaned and adjusted. The specialist should practice adjusting this light so that he can make changes quickly and accurately during surgery. The ceiling lights and the operating lights are on different circuits to avoid confusion and delay if a fuse burns out.

b. Portable lights are necessary for satisfactory illumination in some operative
procedures such as vaginal or rectal surgery. Storage battery lights should be provided for emergency lighting during a power failure. These must be inspected, tested, and recharged at frequent intervals, as prescribed by local policy.


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